Adoption is at the core of Islam.
The word “orphan” is mentioned in the Quran 23 times in 12 different forms in 12 different surah, or chapters. The Prophet himself (peace be upon him) was an orphan. His father died before his birth and his mother died when he was still a child, leaving his uncle Abu Talib to care for him. Allah had protected him, raised him and trained him properly. In this regard Allah says:
“Did He not find you (O Muhammed) an orphan and gave you refuge?” (93:6)
The many references to orphans instruct Muslims to exercise compassion and justice toward orphans while maintaining their true identity. According to the Quran, one cannot become a person’s real son merely by virtue of a declaration:
“… Allah has not made your adopted sons your true sons. That is merely your saying by your mouths, but Allah says the truth, and He guides to the right] way. Call them, the adopted children by the names of their fathers; it is more just in the sight of Allah. But if you do not know their fathers, they are your brethren in faith. But there is no blame on you if you make a mistake therein: (what counts is) the intention of your hearts…” [Quran 33: 4-5]
- Adoption and the Care of Orphan Children: Islam and the Best Interests of the Child: Read Muslim Women’s Shura Council (August, 2011)
- The Islamic View of Adoption and Caring for Homeless Children: Read Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad, Ph.D.
- Adoption in Islam: Read IslamWeb
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